Ranks of the Wehrmacht Hi everybody and welcome to this video. I’ll today present you ranks in the Wehrmacht. First of all, I have to prepare for the vocabulary that I use: The Litzen are the collar tabs of the German army. Here for classic jackets. The shoulder straps are found here, arms grades are found here, and badges for camouflage uniforms are in this form. I will also discuss pips, which are in this form. Little nails we find on the shoulder straps The Litzen of the troops and NCOs of the beginning of the war are color piping, which can be found on the shoulders of all the soldiers, this to the rank of Oberst. This border, the Waffenfarbe, is the weapon of the soldier. The officers Litzen keep the same format until the end of the war, the jacket does not evolve, in contrary of the troop jackets. The main are: White: Infantry; Hunters, mountain hunter: Green; Red: Artillery; Yellow: Cavalry; Pink: Panzer; Black: Pioneer. Now for the lower ranks: All arm badges are green background when the collar is green, otherwise it will Feldgrau background. The set of theses elements must be with the same color. The same for the breast eagle. First, the soldier 2nd class: has no rank insignia: nothing on the sleeve, and shoulder pads are blank. It has Litzen small model. Then we have the first class soldier, we take the same set as before, and we add an embroided pip on a circular badge for the arm insignia. Corporal wearing a V on his sleeve, all on a dark green triangle. The silver tress is the same as that used for NCOs collar, would come back later. Master Corporal has additional V badge on his sleeve. A grade that doesn’t exist in French, but that is just before the rank of sergeant, and just above Master Corporal. So you could call it corporal 1st class. The arm badge features an embroidered pips plus V already in the previous grade. We now talk about NCO ranks. The common feature of all ranks I will show you is there is a silver tress on the collar, just below the Litzen, which are the same type as those of the infantry. All the shoulders boards had a tress on its borders, except for the first rank: it was like a “U”. I will introduce new insignias we can see on the arms. We see the rank worn on camouflaged uniforms from 22 August 1942. This grade was wearing two sides camouflage effects. The sergeant has classic Litzen, a silver tress on his shoulder pads, but that is not the complete tour. It therefore forms a U. A simple green stripe on black background represents the rank of Unteroffizer. The next rank is staff sergeant. The tress on their epaulettes is right round the perimeter, and a band is added to the badge for camouflage uniform. To the rank of warrant officer, is added pips on the shoulder straps and a band on the arm badge. The chief warrant officer is to add a new pips and a band on the arm badge. The last NCO’s grade is placed between the rank of Oberfeldwebel and officer’s rank. By analogy with the French army, we therefore call Major. But not confound with an other rank I’ll present later. I precise : Major for French Army. We’ll add a 3rd pips and a new band on the arm insignia. We change totally the category and into the officer class. This passage also leads to change the jacket. The Litzen also become embroidered version with silver thread. The whole is placed on a rigid base covered bottle green felt. The insignia camouflaged for smock uses the same principle as the NCO ranks, but topped with two acorns and two oak leaves, with a band below, minimum, it’s for the first rank: second lieutnant. Beware the trap, German Leutnant corresponds to second lieutenant! The rank of Oberleutnant corresponds to the rank of Lieutenant. We add a gold pips on the shoulder and has an additional band on the arm badge for camouflage jackets. Then we have the captain, with two gold pips and three bands under the oak leaves and acorns. Then we go to the rank of commander, where the background of the shoulder pads changes: the silver wires are no longer parallel but are intertwined. The arm’s rank becomes a one band, but surmounted by two symbols representing the officers. Please note again: the French for commander is called “Major” in German. In the French army, we speak of battalion chief for the infantry, squadrons’ commander for the cavalry, squadron’s (singular) leader for artillery… The next rank is lieutenant colonel, returning to a previous pips on the shoulder, and that an additional band on the arm. And last grade in this category: colonel, who has two pips and three stripes on the arm badge. Once again, we change class, change all insignias and exchange jacket, which will be specific to the general. We have the same number of grades of general in the German army as in the current French army. The General grades were gold embroidered collar tabs on bright red background. We take the same grounds as the epaulettes of high officers, except we add golden wires in the scheme, and will be on a red background. The arm rank shows the same pattern as for officers, but with yellow items. The brigadier general rank is the first step from the general class. We take the same system as before in previous classes: the higher you go, the greater the pips on the shoulder straps, and stripes on the arm badges. So the rank of major general, called 3-star general in France corresponds to the rank of Generalleutnant The next grade, with two pips and three bands, corresponding to the general corps. It is referred to the original weapon of the senior officer, so we have General der infantry, General der Panzertruppe, etc. 4 stars for the French army. The rank of Army general is the highest grade in the “general” category. In the French army, it corresponds to the general 5 Stars. Here there are 3 pips on the shoulder straps, and three pips embroidered on a large gold band, under the badge of golden officer for the arm band for camouflaged uniforms. Last grade met in the Wehrmacht, the highest in all armies of the world: the Marshal, Generalfeldmarschall in German. The collar tabs are larger than the general collar tabs, we note a new pattern. The two crossed sticks of marshal are found on the shoulder straps as well as a single wide gold band for the badge of camouflaged jacket. Note that before 1942, the wires of interwoven shoulder straps were all golden, whereas after 1942, we had half of wires in silver and half of wires in silver for the background. This is now the end of this short tutorial, I hope you enjoyed it! BYE!