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Top 10 Greatest MILITARY ACHIEVEMENTS That Changed the Face of War

Top 10 Greatest MILITARY ACHIEVEMENTS That Changed the Face of War

Top 10 Greatest Military Achievements That
Changed the Face of War 10. The Chariot The two-wheeled horse-drawn chariot was one
of the most important achievements in history. It provided humanity its first concept of
personal transport and for more than two thousand years it was used as a key military weapon
system of war. Chariots seem to have originated in Mesopotamia
in the third millennium or around about 2000 BC. The highly mobile two-wheeled war chariot
carrying a driver and an archer armed with a short composite bow revolutionized military
tactics after 1700 BC. Chariots were expensive, clumsy and prone
to breakdowns. Yet these military weapon systems were used
for centuries. They were not replaced by horseback riders
until the first millennium BC making these weapon systems the early foundation for the
cavalry. 9. The Sarissa The sarissa, also know as a lance or pike,
was a gigantic 13-21 foot long double pointed pike used in the Macedonian phalanx infantry
formation as early as 3,000 BC. Its great length was an asset against hoplites
and other soldiers bearing smaller weapons, because they had to get past the sarissa to
engage the phalangites. The tight formation of the phalanx created
a “wall of pikes”, and the pike was sufficiently long that there were fully five rows of pikes
in front of the front rank of men—even if an enemy got past the first row, there were
still four more to stop him. The Macedonian phalanx was considered all
but invulnerable from the front, except against another such phalanx; the only way it was
ever generally defeated was by breaking its formation or outflanking it. The invention of the sarissa is credited to
Philip, father of the celebrated Macedonian king, Alexander the Great. However, it was Alexander who successfully
employed this new weapons system across Asia, conquering Egypt, Persia and the Pauravas
(northwest India), victorious all the way. The sarissa-wielding phalanxes were vital
in every battle to include the pivotal battle of Gaugamela where the Persian king’s brutal
scythe chariots were utterly destroyed by the phalanx. The sarissa remained a primary weapon system
for every Hellenistic army until the rise of Rome. 8. Sailing Ships The first sailing ships were likely Egyptian
and existed around 3000 BC or earlier. They were used on the Nile River which was
ideal for primitive sailing vessels. The wind on the Nile is usually from the north,
so if they wanted to go south they just raised the sail on the double mast. And if they wanted to go north, they just
lowered the sail and drifted with the river. Through these early sailing ships the navy
was born. Produced from the 8th to the 13th centuries
and commonly used in Northern Europe, Viking ships were “clinker built” boats called
Knorrs. These sailing ships were sturdy, long, and
slender with a large square sail making them swift and capable of long voyages. By 1200, these Knorrs were used by militaries
throughout northern Europe. The technology of the sailing warship found
relative stability from 1775 to 1862 requiring little expensive research and few new developments. Sails, ropes, and guns would eventually become
the main components of this military weapon system and timber, the most basic and vital
component of these wooden sailing warships, was present in abundance to most countries. 7. The Cannon The cannon, first appearing in the early 14th
century in Europe, assumed its classic form at the beginning of the 17th century which
persisted almost unchanged until the mid-19th century at which time it was superseded by
the breech loading rifled gun. Until the early 17th century, cannons in a
battle were immobile and the two-wheeled gun carriage was slow to be developed. This military weapon system would eventually
add a new service branch to the army. And the Artillery would soon join the Cavalry
and Infantry. It was a shock weapon, most effectively used
in mass, and its placement was critical. The battery itself was fixed, but fire could
be directed to any point within range very quickly. The battery had to be carefully protected
from assault, while its field of fire had to be as open and level as possible. One good volley across the front of a cavalry
or infantry charge would lead to incredible destruction. This weapon system was most vulnerable to
a cavalry attack from the rear, rendering its powerful weapons useless. However, it was the cannon that made the fortresses
and castles obsolete. In 1494, the Earl of Warwick reduced Bamborough
Castle of the revolting Percies to rubble in a week. In 1523, Philip of Hesse brought the most
powerful fortress in the world at Landstuhl, to its knees in a day. This military weapon system remains today
in a modified form as the mortar and a few other smooth-bore weapons. 6. The Machine Gun The Gatling gun, named after its inventor
Dr. Richard J. Gatling, was the first widely used rapid-fire guns. Due to their multiple barrels, this weapon
system could offer more sustained fire than the first generation of air-cooled, recoil-operated
machine guns. The weight, complexity, and resulting cost
of this multibarrel design discouraged its initial success. The first true machine gun was invented in
1881 by Hiram Maxim. The “Maxim gun” used the recoil power
of the previously fired bullet to reload rather than being hand-powered, enabling a much higher
rate of fire than was possible using earlier designs. Maxim’s other great innovation was the use
of water cooling (via a water jacket around the barrel) to reduce overheating. Maxim’s gun was widely adopted and derivative
designs were used on all sides during the First World War. Most famously this weapon system was employed
during the battle of the Somme. The design required fewer crew, was lighter,
and more usable than earlier Gatling guns. It would be another 50 years before Gatling’s
concept was again improved to allow extremely high rates of fire as found today in miniguns
and other automatic aircraft cannons. Today, many machine guns are mounted and even
disconnected from humans as part of a robotic armament system such as on a tank coaxial
or part of an aircraft’s armament. These weapon systems are usually electronically-fired
and have advanced sighting enhancements. 5. The Submarine The “Rotterdam Boat,” designed by a Frenchman
named De Son in 1653, was probably the first underwater vessel specifically built to attack
enemy ships. This 72-foot-long semi-submerged ram was supposed
to sneak up unobserved and punch a hole in an enemy ship. The designer boasted that it could cross the
English Channel and back in a day, and sink a hundred ships along the way. Since then, the submarine has revolutionized
naval warfare. This military weapon system has demonstrated
significant evolution from the days of the Civil War to its baptism by fire in the first
World War to the nuclear subs of today which carry intercontinental missiles and can cruise
submerged for several months. Today some 47 nations operate more than 700
submarines and almost 300 of these ships are nuclear-powered. A host of countries, including the United
States, Germany, Italy, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, and Japan, are pursuing new designs. In short, the submarine appears to be weapon
system that is here to stay for the major powers of the world. 4. The Paratroopers Perhaps no military weapon system has provided
more flexibility on the battlefield as the employment of paratroopers. Certainly, no weapon system has been so spectacular. Shortly after World War I, General Billy Mitchell
proposed that parachuting troops from aircraft into combat could be an effective on the battlefield. During the demonstration of his concept at
Kelly Field at San Antonio, Texas, six soldiers parachuted from a Martin Bomber, safely landed,
and in less than three minutes after exiting the aircraft had their weapons assembled and
were ready for action. Although the U.S. military observers dismissed
the concept, not all of the observers arrived at the same conclusion. The German observers eagerly grasped the idea
and planners worked quickly to develop an effective military parachute organization. The Germans effectively developed their airborne
forces and, at the start of the Second World War, used parachute troops in their spearhead
assaults in Holland and Belgium. Spurred by the successful employment of airborne
troops by the Germans in their invasion of the Low Countries, U.S. military branches
began an all-out effort to develop this new form of warfare. From Operation Overlord’s paratroopers who
first secured the flanks of Normandy’s landing beaches to the rangers and airborne forces
who spearheaded modern operations by jumping into the night to seize airfields, paratroopers
provide an obvious tactical edge in modern military warfare. Inserted onto the battlefield from the air,
the paratrooper can drop into areas inaccessible to regular soldiers. This weapon system is extensively used by
modern armies and can evade enemy fortifications and force an army to thin its defenses to
protect areas that normally would be safe by virtue of geography. 3. The Airplane The history of aerial warfare is a relatively
new branch of military history. Hot air balloons were introduced as observation
platforms in the late 18th Century. They were not widely used until the mid-19th
Century. True aerial warfare or air combat operations,
is only about a century old. But the history of aerial warfare is already
brimming with stories of great air battles, innovative technology, and the decisive use
of strategic airpower. With the jet engine developed during the end
of the Second World War, the major powers of the world began to employ this new technology
in its air force. The United States entered the Korean War using
Second World War style propeller-driven aircraft, but by wars end the air force was almost totally
based on jet powered aircraft. During the Korean War U.S. F-80’s and F-86’s
battled against the Soviet MiG-15 in the first aerial battles between jet fighters. Military aviation came into its own during
the Second World War. The increased performance, range, and payload
of contemporary aircraft meant that air power could move beyond the novelty applications
seen in the First World War becoming a central striking force for all the combatant nations. Over the course aircraft evolution, modern
and distinct roles continue to emerge for the application of air power with stealth
technologies, optically guided missile systems, and smart bombs. 2. The Aircraft Carrier The British navy also experimented with the
aircraft carrier during the First World War and developed the first true carrier with
an unobstructed flight deck, the HMS Argus, built on a converted merchant-ship hull. The war ended before the Argus could be put
into action, but the U.S. and Japanese navies quickly followed this British example. The first U.S. carrier, a converted collier
renamed the USS Langley, joined the fleet in March 1922. A Japanese carrier, named the Hosyo, entered
service in December 1922 and was the first carrier designed as such from the keel up. Today the aircraft carrier has become one
of the most advanced weapon systems and represents the hallmark of military superiority on the
high seas. The nuclear aircraft carrier is the epitome
of U.S. military superpower status. And among the modern nuclear super carriers,
the Nimitz-class is the newest, largest, and fastest in the world. At nearly 1,100 feet long, the Chrysler building
can be laid upon its deck with fifty feet to spare at each end. 1. Atomic Bomb. To date, no other military weapon system has
had such a profound influence on revolutionizing warfare as the atomic bomb. This bomb was the first and only nuclear bomb
to have ever been used in warfare. It was exploded over the Japanese cities of
Hiroshima and Nagasaki on 6 and 9 August 1945 respectively. An even more powerful nuclear weapon was developed
in the hydrogen bomb, based on destruction through nuclear fusion and was acquired by
the USA in 1952; the USSR in 1953; the UK in 1957; China in 1967; and France in 1968. In 1977 the U.S. developed an even more potent
weapon in the enhanced hydrogen bomb which uses a beryl coating to vastly expand its
radioactive power. Since their inception, nuclear weapon systems
have multiplied at an alarming rate, leaving everyone from policymakers to concerned citizens
wondering what it will take to slow, stop, or even reverse the spread of these technologies.

Reader Comments

  1. The Sarissa was dominant for only a few decades until it was smashed by the Roman Legion which was dominant for century's.

  2. The bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki were little firecrackers. The nukes we now have are sticks of dynamite.

    A lot of people don't understand the true destructive power of a nuclear fusion bomb.

  3. I agree, tanks should be there.
    Also, where are the Monitor and the Merrimac? After they were introduced every wooden fleet was obsolete. Overnight America became a super power.

  4. bodkin point arrows pretty much ended the entire age of chivalry making a common man archer more than a match for a lord wearing armour worth as much as the average town. i think is as if not more important that the atomic bomb which is a weapon has made itself useless

  5. seriously this video is terrible… why is smokeless gun powder not on here… seriously changing from black powder to gun powder changed warfare 100% way more then most crap on here…

  6. "This weapon was most vulnerable to a cavalry attack in the rear, rendering its powerful weapon useless. However it was the cannon that made fortresses and castles obsolete. This weapon was most vulnerable to a cavalry attack in the rear, rendering its powerful weapon useless."

  7. seriously no mention of bow/crossbow, automotives, cavalry and even firearms, but chariots, aircraft carriers, submarines and paratroopers?

  8. Great Britain's Military advancements/inventions:
    *Submarine: The first navigable submarine is designed by William Bourne 1578 and built by Dutchman Drebbel in the service of England 1620.
    *Percussion cap Bullet: Alexander Forsyth invents percussion ignition 1807, the foundation of modern firearms.
    *1865 Physicist James Clerk Maxwell “Theory of the Electromagnetic Field” The foundation of electromagnetism for such present-day uses as radio, television, radar, microwaves and thermal imaging.
    *Maxim Machine gun 1883: the first recoil-operated machine gun
    *Battleship 1906, the British Royal Navy launched the revolutionary HMS Dreadnought, making all existing battleships obsolete.
    *HMS Ark Royal 1913, the first modern aircraft carrier, HMS Argus: the first full-length flat deck carrier, HMS Hermes 1918 was the world's first ship to be designed as an aircraft carrier
    *Tank first used Battle of the Somme 1916 by Britain.
    *Sir Frank Whittle invents Jet engine 1928, patented 1930.

    Frankly this list could be expanded on, but i'm not particularly fond of those inventions merely finding them relevant to this upload

  9. Not mentioning the tank? Come on…

    I really wouldn't separate the Gatling Gun from the Machine Gun. Yes, both weapons used different methods of loading the next round, but the principle behind both weapons was the same… increase the rate of fire downfield. And it's likely that much of what went into the development of the Machine Gun in the late 1800s was to answer the issues related to crew and mobility regarding weapons like the Gatling Gun in the mid 1800s. As such, wouldn't have split them into separate groups…

    Particularly when it's excluded the weapon that has effectively revolutionized land warfare since its introduction on the battlefield in 1916 when the British unleashed it on the Somme, terrifying the Germans who first saw it… to the first massed tank attack at Cambrai in 1917, the first turreted tank in the French Renault FT 17, and the first tank on tank battle in 1918, through the great armored clashes of WW2, and to the modern day. While guerrilla tactics may render the tank less of the main weapon that it was… the tank will probably STILL be the main weapon for armies to use against each other for the foreseeable future.

  10. Quite random.

    The stirrup (cavalry that can actually fight from horseback).
    The longbow (Agincourt).
    The horizontal bow (horse archers).

  11. On your list machine gun is #6 and you used the Gatling gun as the example of the "first machine gun" ACTUALLY the pickle gun was the modern machine gun. You might look that up.

  12. War is not funny anymore… There is just fatasses pressing buttons and shooting missiles…

    🙂 sorry if you tell me that war is never fun… Im psycho… I love it

  13. leonardo da vinci had detailed plans for a submarine hundreds of years before the one stated in your video. perhaps some research.

  14. The German airborne landings in Holland were for the most part a disaster, especially the attack on Dutch Government in the Hague completely failed. The 3 airfields they were supposed to conquer were retaken by the Dutch on the first day of the war. 182 JU-52 transport planes were destroyed and 1200 prisoners of war were shipped to the UK. In Rotterdam the Germans only conquered the south side of the bridge. At the moment Rotterdam was bombed, which resulted in the Dutch capitulation, the remainder of the German airborne troops for the Hague were surrounded in two small pockets one north and one south of The Hague.

  15. "You just annihilated over 300 000 innocent civillians, all for the lazy efforts of an illiterate translator."
    What an achievement.

  16. Crossbow-The first pre prepared missile capable of penetrating armour launched with a trigger system. Stirrup- allowed the weight of the horse to add to the impact of a lance and dominated the battlefield for 800 years. Stone castle- Regardless of popular storytelling, only five were ever taken historically by breaching the walls prior to gunpowder. [EDIT] I would argue that the cartridge bullet was a greater innovation than the machine gun, as it made that innovation possible and even allowed a simple rifle to reduce rate of fire from 20 seconds while standing to five seconds while prone. The chariot while romantic was never a truly decisive weapon. The Macedonian Phalanx was a fairly short-lived enterprise historically, innovations from those encountering it quickly found the weakness (the roman javelin was designed to bend at the neck to entangle the shield and prevent movement on the battlefield)

  17. Say what you like, no one can argue with Simon's choice of no. 1.

    And if that thought doesn't concentrate your mind, I'd suggest you're not fully compos mentis.

  18. As an American, I like to place our history above all else when possible.. however, it must be noted that it was in fact the Soviet Union who formed the first airborne infantry forces.. They were pioneers in parachute based capabilities, and it was the Soviets who inspired the German Falschirmjager forces during the interwar years. We dont hear about it often in the West, as our introduction to airborne forces coincides with large scale formations developed during WW2. l

  19. I don't know if never one should have been the machine gun or if the atomic bomb is correctly placed at the number one spot. The nuclear bomb has had an enormous impact on life since 1945 and despite only being used twice it has helped prevent World War 3 from breaking out (so far – I actually think we're on the brink of it right now with the belligerents being the DPRK and perhaps Turkey Syria, Iran, Russia, China – and many others like Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India etc etc take your pick – and US, Israel the UK (South Korea – if given and takes too much "support" from the US)… The U.N. would never approve of a war wiih NK unless (maybe) someone pulls off a successful false flag attack or something like that to sway public and international opinion in order to gain their support. I'm glad I live in 2018 where the internet and social media as well as things like drones and hackers and people who are so-called Watch Dogs, perhaps groups like Anonymous and stuff like that , can easily catch, intercept and spread certain things like internet chatter, CCTV's, home videos and other nefarious deeds which may or not take place. If for instance the United States launched or enacted a fake attack against us, South Korea or any other ally then I'm glad that this day in age that sort of stuff is a lot harder to do. We live in the age of technology, the internet, and information. Just think if Facebook, TwItter, YouTube, Instagram etc etc was around when JFK was assassinated and then when LHO was killed by Jack Ruby. What if Operation Northwoods was actually carried out?? In today's world those types of things are getting harder and harder to do but you'd better believe that the government so always stays one, two, three step ahead of the general public. I love the US, I proud of my heritage and proud to live here but I just distrust our government. Look right now, these people are about to shutdown the government just because a bunch of senators and ass-kissers can't come to an agreement. I love my country and I only want to see us become a trustworthy honest and plain old good-natured and peaceful county with high morals, good laws and good people. I know, I'm a dreamer.

  20. How about the invention of the stirrup, the bow, the oared galley (from about 500 BC to the 1600 AD, so about 2000 years), the Tank was far more of a factor than paratroops. The there was the bayonet combined with the musket and rifle. Metallic cartridges also were a massive change in warfare, making the machine gun possible. Your military researchers need a lot of help.

  21. Nuclear Bomb probably deserves #1. However, in conventional warfare, the greatest achievement was invented by the Greeks: Marching in step. Until then, all warfare was fought by mobs of men, aka, The Warband. Everyone just ran up and attacked the nearest opponent. With marching in step, tactics could used resulting in a huge force multiplier.

  22. 10) Sword 9) Bow/arrow 8) Castle/defensive structure 7) Ships  6) Artillery 5) Guns 4) Tanks, 3) Air craft , 2) ICBM and 1) Nukes

  23. The Sarissa. Alexander had captive slaves in the front line pointing their Sarissa at the enemy (their own side) with overseers wiping them from behind to dive them forward . The length of the Sarissa prevented them from being turned around. This allowed for the quick expansion of his isolated army.

  24. maybe you should have looked at a Websters Dictionary before you decided on your title. An achievement is something accomplished, won, I think "a deed" is even a synonym, whereas Inventions or advancements are what you are describing. I was thinking I was going to see something like the first use of the Macedonian phalanx with sarissa.

  25. Gen. Billy Mitchell predicted the Japanese air attack on Pearl Harbor, right down to the time: A Sunday morning.

  26. No grenades , the invention of tactics and strategy , the tank , troops on horseback ie cavalry , the use of spies , the breech loading rifle , the rocket , bombs , dynamite , the bow and arrow , germ warfare , chemical weapons , the jeep and last but by no means least the field telephone . I could continue but there would be little to no point just visit your nearest army or war museum .

  27. Paratroopers are obsolete in modern warfare. Why bend facts to make it seem feasible? As well as leave out tanks??? No other frontline ground unit can produce more battlefield destruction than a MBT battalion.

  28. FYI, the total number of US and Russian nukes, on that list, is ~1/3 of what it was at the height of the Cold War. Both sides had roughly 20,000 nukes, each, at that time. Source: old issue of Scientific American, as there was no (publically accessible) internet at that time.

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