Military Gear & Army Surplus Gear Blog

The 1860 Henry rifle

The 1860 Henry rifle

the sewer war-war forted obsolete tactics and modern weapons three shots per minute that was all the best soldier could do the primary weapon of the infantry soldier was the long single-shot muzzleloading rifle musket loading a civil war musket was not an easy job the soldier had to stand to do it properly there was no chance to lie down on the ground to avoid being hit by the enemy every step of the process was important and unmissable this was one of the most important parts of the trail percussion looks rifle barrels and preload paper cartridges made these rifles deadly effective up to 300 yards but the tactics were written and officers were trained in the age of inaccurate smoothbore muskets so the killing Ridge levels never seen before clever and money-hungry enterpreneurs were looking for solutions to protect the old soldier and to help killing the enemy more effectively British loaders were known before the conflict but this was the first war where the repeaters firing self-contained metallic cartridges first selection on the battlefield shooting 2025 shots per minute that was the most modern way of killing the repeating breech loader rifle marked the beginning of a new age one of these rifles was the 1860 Henry manufactured by New Haven Arms the rifle musket fired the 510 grains bullet propelled by 60 grains of black powder at muzzle velocity of circa 290 m/s M the paper cartridges were wrote manually in the Arsenal's they held the ball and the powder together but they were quite vulnerable to damage and water the Henry fired a self-contained rimfire cartridge the cartridge holding the 216 grains conical bullet was charged with 25 grains of fine black powder this ammo was rugged and waterproof the Henry cartridge pictured in the left was produced entirely on machines the lever actual repeating mechanism was not invented by Benjamin Tyler Henry but he was surely the one who made the concept acceptable for military service the closest predecessor of the 1860 Henry lever action rifle was the volcanic system developed in the vulcanic repeating Arms Factory owned by Horace miss and DB Wesson these rifles and pistols fired a special bullet called a racquetball developed by water hunt in the 1840s the racquetball was a skirted bullet with black powder charge filling the hollow base and the primer attached to the cup closing the bottom of the cavity this was a straightforward concept but the power of the cartridge was limited by the volume of the bullet skirt so it was not suitable for military service Benjamin Tyler Henry superintendent of the New Haven Arms Company took the volcanic toggle link repeating system and developed a new cartridge for this rifle his cartridge had a brass rimfire case Herod patented his rifle in the October of 1860 the new rifle utilized the tube magazine under the barrel holding 15 rounds the Henry saw service in the Civil War but not in huge numbers so it did not have too much impact on the outcome of the war the new rifle was tested by the Army and the Navy as well with nice results but the cartridge was considered too weak for service only about 1700 pieces found their way to the battlefield but the rifles achieved a good reputation with the rebels calling them that and the Yankee rifle you load on Sunday and shoot all week increasing the effectiveness of the rimfire cartridge was not easy at the bottom and the rim of the case had to be soft enough so the run they'd surely go off when the hammer hits the rim the soft case button limited the maximum gas pressures the soft rim meant problems with case ejection the winner of the military contract was the Spencer instead who birth is 1860 Henry reproduction is a wonderful arm with a field very very close to the original the uberta Henry's are chambered for the.45 long cold or the 4440 cartridges if you want to be as close to the original as possible go for the 44 Winchester Center fire the battle is button rifled with twenty four and a quarter inch lengths the rifle is available in steel frame version as well but the brass grip is much closer to my heart my cartridges do not follow the original load as this barrel is the same as on my 1873 Winchester I went for the most accurate load I developed 30 grains of 3s with powder and alignment 240 grain bullet size to 4 to 7 you to load though Henry first put the hammer into safety then slide the magazine followers towards the muzzle now rotate the sleeve to open the tube magazine and load the cartridges hold the rifle in an angle do not let the cartridges slide down at a great speed when you're done close the magazine and gently slide the followers down the rifle did what I expected I was able to achieve the often 10 size group at 50 meters the hair is surely not the most developed lever-action rifle the big cartridge lack of for stock complicated loading system ver issues the later models killed but to tell you the truth I don't care about them because this rifle is just great to shoot as it is you

Reader Comments

  1. Haha .EU address… I bet u wish u could own a Henry repeater. I'm thinking about buying one maybe I'll go get it tomorrow, yayy

  2. In the Civil War, the Spenser was preferred. It fired a 300 grain bullet at 1,000 fps compared to the Henry's 200 grain bullet at 1,000 fps. The Spenser had a speed loading system, I believe called the Blakley. It was carried by a shoulder strap or on the belt. They held 7 or more preloaded tubes of 7 cartridges each. You just pulled the spring Carrier from the butt of the Rifle or Carbine, dumped in the new tube of cartridges and replaced the spring Carrier and locked it in place, you were ready to fire another 7 shots. With this system, reloading the weapon was far faster than the Henry was. Unlike the Henry, the Spenser could be reloaded on horseback, something Custer's Cavalry used in Battles against the Confederate Cavalry. By 1864 most Confederate Cavalry rarely used the Sword, they would carry 2 to 6 Colt type revolvers and a single shot Carbine for long range shooting. In raids, useing Pistols each had 12, 24 or 36 shots depending on the number of Pistols they had bought or captured. The Union carried at least two Colt or Remington's, giving 12 shots at close ranges, the Spenser with the speed tubes giving them 56 shots at a longer range. The big Advantage of both the Henry and Spenser was if captured by the Confederates, the South couldn't make Ammunition for these Firearms, not having the Technology to spin cartridges for them. These Weapons made a Cavalry Charge far more deadly at close ranges than Napoleonic Cavalry was, because both Pistols and Carbines had far greater range that the Sword or Lance did. Against the Arms of the older type Cavalry, Confederates and later the Union could kill 10 to 20 men for each one they lost, the Sword was used when the other side ran away on foot. In Cavalry versus Cavalry, if they had a Sword, you simply shot them before they got close enough to use it.

  3. Clever money hungry? What a puts thing to say about a war you never fought in a country you never lived in …I doubt you have anything to put a cap on nor the balls to use it! Putz

  4. How much effect did the use of black powder ammunition in the new Henry 44-40 or 44 caliber Rifles have? Black Powder is very corrosive.

  5. Very good video. The Henry was a legendary rifle. And you know your subjects. Certainly without the Henry, no Winchester rifles.

  6. Maybe we should try it again and this time have the U.S. government back the South and let's see if the north would actually brave the storm the way southern blood did, I doubt they'd show up..

  7. it's good to see some foreigners liking some of our more historic guns one of the favorite guns I own is a Savage which is over 60 years old made in Chicopee Massachusetts it is a very interesting shotgun I eventually want to get myself a lever action in 4570

  8. Actually, guerrilla tactics and trench warfare were relatively common in the civil war which are modern forms of combat.

  9. I Thought this was done by a Professional Documentary Company

    then I realized you Made this!
    this is Awesome!

  10. I love my Uberty copy of the 1860 Henry. It is a joy to shoot and always draws attention if
    I happen to take it to a public range. As a kid I shot an original. Wish I had the forsight to have bought it. Still, the Uberti is a really close reproduction and for me, just plain fits and handles well. It isn't for everyone, though. Most of my friends don't like it. But for me, it is a perfect fit and I find it amazingly fast to point and shoot. It actually makes a pretty good hunting rifle in brush where shots are limited to 100 – 150 yards. My Henry is a brass frame so I do not use any high power loads and certainly no +p loads. I load my own rounds for this gun and they are more powerful then cowboy action loads but not as powerful as something like a CCi load. A good midrange load that would be safe even in an original Colt revolver (Mine is in .45 Colt). No need to beat this beautiful rifle to death.
    I have loaded some .45's with black powder and they work well, but make quite a mess. The original 44 rimfire was a black powder round. You do get that huge smoke cloud after firing a few rounds and you also experience that hot barrel they talk of.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *