The Philippine Military Academy is the
Philippine military school of the Armed Forces of the Philippines. PMA was
established on December 21, 1936 by the virtue of Commonwealth Act № 1 or the
National Defense Act. The Academy is located in the city of Baguio, Benguet.
It is the training school for future officers of the AFP.
History The Philippine Military Academy traces
own its history back to the Academia Militar which was established on October
25, 1898 in Malolos, Bulacan. An Officer’s School of the Philippine
Constabulary was established on February 17, 1905 within the walls of Intramuros
in Manila. This school was later relocated to Baguio on September 1,
1908. After the Philippine Legislature passed Act No. 3496 on September 8,
1926, the school was renamed the Philippine Constabulary Academy and
courses were lengthened from nine months to three years.
When the National Defense Act was approved on December 21, 1935, the
Philippine Constabulary Academy was renamed Philippine Military Academy and
was permitted to grant its graduates Bachelor of Science degrees after
completion of their four-year curriculum. PMA was modeled after the
United States Military Academy with officers from the Philippine Scouts and
regular United States Army as instructors and members of the general
staff. With the outbreak of World War II,
training was disrupted at the PMA with Classes 1942 and 1943 being graduated
prematurely and assigned to combat units in Bataan and other parts of the
country. Many of these young officers perished in the war.
After the War, the Academy was reopened on May 5, 1947, at Camp Henry T. Allen
in Baguio. But due to its increasing need for larger grounds, it was soon
moved to its present location at Fort General Gregorio H. del Pilar, Loakan,
some ten kilometers from downtown Baguio. During the 1960s, as a need for
more well-rounded individuals was found to be desirable, and socio-humanistic
courses were added to the school’s curriculum.
1993 proved a momentous year for the PMA as its first female cadets were admitted
and specialization based on branch-of-service was introduced into
the curriculum. The first female cadets graduated from the Academy in 1997.
Gallery See also
Armed Forces of the Philippines National Defense College of the
Philippines List of Philippine Military Academy
alumni Philippine National Police Academy
References External links
Official Website of the Philippine Military Academy