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Otto von Bismarck (1815–1898) / German Unification

Otto von Bismarck (1815–1898) / German Unification


Otto von Bismarck 1815 to 1898 Otto von Bismarck was responsible for transforming a collection of small German states unifying them into the German Empire and becoming its first Chancellor his diplomacy of real politic and powerful rule gained him the nickname of the iron Chancellor Otto Eduard Leopold von Bismarck was born into an aristocratic family at Shirin Heusen northwest of Berlin on April 1st 1815 his father was a fifth-generation junker and his mother came from a family of successful academics and government ministers Bismarck attended a prestigious School in Berlin followed by the University of getting him he then entered the Prussian civil service but was bored of this job and resigned in 1838 for almost a decade he assisted his father in managing the family estates in 1847 he married Johanna von push comma and was sent to Berlin as a delegate to the new Prussian Parliament it was here that he emerged as a reactionary voice against the liberal anti autocratic revolutions of 1848 from 1851 to 1862 Bismarck served as ambassador to Russia and France when he returned to Prussia he would be appointed prime minister by Vilhelm the first who had become King of Prussia in 1864 his mark began a series of wars to establish Prussian power in Europe with Austrian support he used the Prussian army to capture the german-speaking territories of schleswig and holstein from Denmark afterwards he provoked Emperor Franz Joseph the first into starting the austro-prussian war in 1866 which ended in a Prussian victory Russia then annexed further territory in Germany next he would provoke hostilities with France as a strategy to unified Germany’s loose Confederations against an outside enemy this would be called the franco-prussian war lasting from 1870 to 1871 the French declared war with the Prussians and their German allies were victorious the southern German states now agreed to join the German Empire William the first was crowned emperor of a unified Germany and Bismarck was Chancellor Bismarck now concentrated on building a powerful state with a unified national identity in the 1870s he pursued a culture calm or cultural struggle against the Catholic Church which he felt had too much influence he did this by placing parochial schools under state control and expelling the Jesuits Bismarck aimed to make the German Empire the most powerful in Europe and in 1879 he negotiated the dual alliance with austria-hungary to counteract and check the power of the now allied France and Russia in the 1880s Bismarck worked on preventing the spread of socialism by creating a welfare state establishing national healthcare accident insurance and old-age pensions in 1890 Bismarck was dismissed by the new emperor wilhelm ii after strongly disagreeing with him he retired to his estate near hamburg and died on July 30th 1898 thank you for all your support on the simple history YouTube channel if you enjoy the channel please consider supporting us at patreon


Reader Comments

  1. Researching the visual look of everything from costumes to environments is more difficult the further you go back in time. Support the channel on Patreon at https://www.patreon.com/simplehistory

  2. But Bismarck had a plan, Bismarck always have a plan and his last plan was to die in peace away from politics and war i guess

  3. The "iron chancellor" came from his speach on a parliamentary crisis over army reforms, which was named the "blood and iron speach", as he said something along the lines of "the big questions of the day are not answered by speeches and royal decrees, but by iron and blood".

  4. Also Bismarck did not work to make germany the strongest empire in Europe. On the contrary, he was a strong opponent of german imperialism and declared germany to be saturated and thus not wanting to wage any more wars. It was exactly his opposition to german imperialism, that caused his fracture with the new emperor. He wanted a concert of european powers and managed to have all european powers allied against the french, which Wilhelm ii later managed to turn on its head by his aggressive foreign politics. It was e.g. also due to Bismarck that france was granted a soft peace, as he didn't want to humiliate them unnecessarily in order to prevent any future sentiments of revanche-ism.

  5. Actually. Bismarck was more focused on keeping an alliance between Prussia and Russia. In fact it was his life’s work. The dual alliance was forged by wilhelm Ii after he had dismissed Bismarck

  6. You gotta give it to Germany they became the most powerful empire in Europe in only a few years when it took centuries for countries like France and Britain get to the power they had

  7. Otto said this to Kaiser Wilhelm II warning him about the future. “Your majesty, so long as you have this present officer corps, you can do as you please. But when this is no longer the case, it will be very different for you.” “Jena came twenty years after the death of Frederick the Great; the crash will come twenty years after my departure if things go on like this.” – Otto Von Bismarck (December 1897)

    20 years later Wilhelm II lost WW1. On the 11th hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month 1918. Bismarck’s prediction was only 4 months off.

  8. There are many people who admire Mr. Bismarck in Japan. Mr. Bismarck gave great advice to Japanese people who visited Germany.Germans are great!We Japanese love Germany and Germans very much. God bless Germany and Germans!Japan always protects Germany.
    Germany and Germans are the best in the world!

  9. Bismarck was great leader of Germany and he made the most powerfull country in Europe. Only Germans from future destroyed his work.

  10. He oppressed political opposition with brute force, sacrificed hundreds of thousands of soldiers in wars he provoked, but on the long run 'his' germany survived two world wars and was protected by himself since foundation over 20 years.
    Wether a nationalstaat was worth the effort, you decide.

  11. This is SUCH bullshit — the demonization of Bismark who actually fought against the banking cartel Rothchilds. Complete bullshit.

  12. Bismarck was 100 times better than Hitler. Yes he was a nationalist, but not a war monger. Instead, he tried to maintain peace in Europe after German unification. He even discouraged Germany from engaging in colonialism.

  13. You get a ship like bismarck named after you means you're a great man.

  14. Simple History Can you do “Frederick the Great (Thursday, January 24, 1712-Thursday, August 17, 1786)” please?

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