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National Military Academy of Afghanistan | Wikipedia audio article

National Military Academy of Afghanistan | Wikipedia audio article


The National Military Academy of Afghanistan
(NMAA) (Pashto: د افغانستان ملي نظامي اکادمۍ‎ Persian: آکادمی
نظامی ملی افغانستان‎) is one of three academic institutions of the
Marshal Fahim National Defense University. It is a four-year military development institution
dedicated to graduating officers for the Afghan National Army (ANA) and the Afghan Air Force
(AAF). The mission of the NMAA is to produce officers
for the Afghan Armed Forces that also have a four-year college level bachelor’s degree. The academy is based upon the United States
Military Academy and United States Air Force Academy. Construction on the NMAA’s permanent campus
was completed in 2012.==Academics==
All cadets who graduate from NMAA receive a bachelor’s degree, which are being offered
in English language, Civil Engineering, Computer Science, Management, and Law (Islamic, statutory
and customary). All cadets study English for four years based
on the American Language Course written by the Defense Language Institute English Language
Center. Instruction also includes conversation classes
and interactive multimedia instruction. Cadets participate in morning physical fitness
training and afternoon sports intramurals as part of their officer training.==Military training==
All cadets are commissioned as second lieutenants in the Afghan National Army or Afghan Air
Force in one of its branch schools. Currently the emphasis is on training the
ANA instructors so that they will be able to continue training other recruits in the
future. From mid-2010 to mid-2011, NMAA expanded the
number of schools from eight to twelve. The current list of schools is Armor, Artillery,
Human Resources, Signal, Infantry, Engineer, Legal, Military Police, Logistics, Religious/Cultural
Affairs, Intelligence and Finance.===Armor School===
France and Greece currently run the ANA Armor School. They are primarily responsible for mentoring
the mechanized brigade of the ANA, namely the 3rd Brigade of the 201st Corps stationed
in Jalalabad and the 3rd Brigade of the 111th Capital Division stationed in Kabul. 3 – 111 Brigades is highly rated by ISAF forces. The ANAs mechanised units have limited stocks
of vehicles. In 2005, they received 10 M113A2s. They also have limited stocks of older Russian
armor including T-55 and T-62 main battle tanks. In 2009, it was reported that the 3rd Brigade
of the 201st Corps was being operated as infantry due to a lack of maintenance capability for
its heavy equipment. The 207th Corps also operates a mechanised
Brigade, though its stock of equipment and abilities are unknown. As of 2011, the NATO training mission in Afghanistan
is reporting continuing fielding of M113s to the ANA.As of April 2012 the French Army
is reporting success in completing training of two brigades for the ANA’s Rapid Reaction
Forces.===Artillery School===Opened in October 2010, the Artillery School
as of 2011 was still rated as requiring ISAF oversight in training and support. The cadets undertake training using the 122mm
D30 Howitzer due to their simplicity and the fact that some were left behind by the Soviet
Ground Forces. The D-30 has an effective range of 15.4 km. The Artillery School will offer nine different
courses for ANA soldiers in the ranks of E-1 through O-4. Courses include the artillery captains career
course, the artillery basic officer course, three basic courses, three squad leader courses,
and a platoon sergeant course. Course instruction is broken down into three
key disciplines: fire direction, fire support and guns. Additionally, students will receive instruction
on artillery tactics, command leadership and management, gun-mounted vehicle movement in
battery formation, radio procedures, map reading and navigation. Each cadet also receives literacy and numeracy
training of approximately 68 hours. In April 2011, the school graduated its first
class of 55 students from their 11-week basic artillery course. They then entered a further nine weeks training
at the Consolidated Fielding Centre prior to joining combat units. At any one time the school typically has 440
students undertaking one of its 9 courses. the aim is to provide artillery training to
2100 officers and soldiers within 12 months, which translates to approximately 23 artillery
batteries for the ANA. In modern armies, an artillery battery typically
has 6 – 8 howitzers commanded by a Captain or Major. The Artillery School is partnered with the
U.S. Army Fires Center of Excellence at Fort Sill, Oklahoma. As the cadets are sent to the field the training
mission will convert to one of maintaining readiness and improving on skills. While some D-30 Howitzers were left in the
country by the Soviet Army, the exact number in ANA possession is unknown. From August to December 2011 the ANA took
delivery of 60 D-30s under the NATO – Howitzer Donation Program from the Armed Forces of
Bosnia and Herzegovina. Advanced indirect fire training is now a focus
of the training of the Artillery School to enable them to support infantry operations.As
of September 2013 the ANA is in possession of 152 D30 howitzers, the supply of which
is being coordinated by Picatinny Arsenal, the US military center for excellence in Artillery. This will rise to 204 systems eventually. They also have to provide training on the
operation and maintenance of the weapon system, and they have established a refurbishment
capability in Afghanistan that is allowing Afghan workers to refurbish additional howitzers.The
Artillery School has recently started to train ANA cadets and soldiers in the use of the
American 155mm M198 howitzer, which is meant to be phased out of operation by the US and
Australian military. This will be a significant increase in capabilities
for an ANA artillery battery as the M198 has an increased range of 22.4 km and can fire
a broader range of ammunition types including a Rocket Assisted Projectile which increases
its range to 30 km. The US has already supplied excess M198 to
the modernisation of the Iraqi military.===Signal School===
The National Military Academy Signal School opened in 2010 is based in the Kabul Military
Training Centre to the north east of Kabul. The school was led by mentors from Finland,
Sweden, Norway, United Kingdom, Canada and the United States who supplied signals instructors. Each student partakes in a six-week course
of instruction and literacy training.The school’s role has since evolved into developing several
courses for senior NCOs, training Afghan Army Corps headquarters signals staff, and teaching
specialist skills such as cabling, computer networking, maintenance, communications planning
and satellite systems.In 2011 a new signal school has also been planned at Camp Shaheen
near Mazar-e-Sharif in northern Afghanistan.===Engineer School===
The Primary role of the Engineer School is to supply suitably qualified cadets and soldiers
to the newly formed ANA Combat Support Organisations.==Personal character==Traditionally, military leaders in Afghanistan
have been loyal to either the national leader or, more often, their local tribal leader. Their allegiances have been to their tribe,
to their province, to the country, and their religion, in that order. The academy has undertaken the task of developing
the cadet’s loyalty to the constitution of Afghanistan, rather than any one individual. Another philosophy is training the cadets
to understand that there are circumstances when it is acceptable to disobey orders when
that order is in conflict with the national constitution. Cadets are bound to an honor code in which
they pledge not to cheat, lie, steal or conspire to deceive.==Role of the Coalition==
The United States has taken the lead in providing advisors and funding to the Academy through
Combined Security Transition Command – Afghanistan (CSTC-A). The team consists of 6 to 20 members at any
given time with the responsibility of mentoring academy leadership, staff sections, academic
departments and sports teams. Turkey provides a team of academic mentors
to the academy and has assisted in establishing a Turkish Language program, computer science
department and mathematics department. They have also provided funding for the establishment
of recreational facilities. France and Germany have provided some assistance
in developing language courses at the academy. Unlike most embedded training teams, the coalition
teams present at the academy frequently have female officers and NCOs in order to demonstrate
the capabilities of women in the military.==Female enrollment==
The academy has about 40 female students enrolled in medical studies. This co-ed major enables females to study
on campus, although they are housed in dormitories at a non-military university in the area. The academy anticipates having 10% female
population enrolled as cadets by 2017.==Relationship with the U.S. Military Academy
and the U.S. Air Force Academy==Afghan military leaders conducted an international
study in which they visited Kara Harp Okulu — the Turkish Military Academy, Royal Military
Academy Sandhurst — the service academy of the United Kingdom, and the United States
Military Academy at West Point. The Afghans selected the U.S. to be the model
for their academy. Afghan military leaders visited West Point
twice, in the spring of 2004 and 2005, to understand how West Point integrates the developmental
activities in the Academic, Military, Physical and Moral-Ethical areas to produce graduates
who are prepared for the challenges of leading soldiers. The United States Air Force Academy is providing
mentors for their developing Air Force program.==Reconstruction==
The site of the academy is at the previous Air Academy that was established by the Soviet
Union when they occupied Afghanistan through the 1980s. The site was nearly destroyed during the years
of civil war and the coalition invasion of October 2001. The United States and Turkey have taken the
lead in reconstructing the site while planning and developing the future site of the academy
in the Qargheh section of Kabul. The estimated cost of the reconstruction is
around $100 million. Cadets at West Point are assisting in the
creation of a distributed application for the purpose of managing grades for the Afghan
cadets.==See also==
List of universities in Afghanistan List of Afghan Armed Forces installations==
External links==National Military Academy of Afghanistan
Air Force Print News Army Public Affairs
Global Security ASCE Publications
New York Times USMA Public Affairs


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