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List of Medal of Honor recipients for World War II | Wikipedia audio article

List of Medal of Honor recipients for World War II | Wikipedia audio article


This is a list of Medal of Honor recipients
for World War II. The Medal of Honor was created during the American Civil War and is the highest
military decoration presented by the United States government to a member of its armed
forces. The recipient must have distinguished themselves at the risk of their own life above
and beyond the call of duty in action against an “enemy of the United States” or an “opposing
foreign force”. Due to the nature of this medal, it is commonly presented posthumously.World
War II, or the Second World War, was a global military conflict, the joining of what had
initially been two separate conflicts. The first began in Asia in 1937 as the Second
Sino-Japanese War; the other began in Europe in 1939 with the German and Soviet invasion
of Poland. This global conflict split the majority of the world’s nations into two opposing
military alliances: the Allies and the Axis powers.
The United States was drawn into World War II on December 8, 1941, a day after the Axis-member
Japan launched a surprise attack on Pearl Harbor in Honolulu that killed almost 2,500
people in what was considered the biggest peacetime loss on American soil inflicted
by foreign people at that time. For actions during World War II, 472 United
States military personnel received the Medal of Honor. Seventeen of these were Japanese-Americans
fighting in both Europe and the Pacific, many of which were upgraded from Distinguished
Service Crosses during the Clinton administration. Additionally, Douglas Albert Munro was the
only serviceman from the United States Coast Guard in United States military history to
receive the Medal for his actions during the war.
The earliest action for which a U.S. serviceman earned a World War II Medal of Honor was the
attack on Pearl Harbor, for which 17 U.S. servicemen were awarded a Medal, although
they did so “while engaged in military operations involving conflict with an opposing foreign
force” rather than “enemy” since the United States was neutral during the events of December
7, 1941. The last action to earn a contemporaneous Medal of Honor prior to the August 15, 1945,
end of hostilities in World War II, were those of Melvin Mayfield, on July 29, 1945 – though
several honorees may have been cited for their Medal after Mayfield’s recognition on May
31, 1946. Additionally, seven African Americans and twenty-two Asian American veterans who
had received the Distinguished Service Cross during the war were awarded the Medal of Honor
in 1997 and 2000 – most of them posthumously – after two studies determined that racial
discrimination had caused them to be overlooked at the time.==A==
This with the † indicates that the Medal of Honor was awarded posthumously==B==
This along with the †, indicates that the Medal of Honor was awarded posthumously==C==
This along with the †, indicates that the Medal of Honor was awarded posthumously==D==
This along with the †, indicates that the Medal of Honor was awarded posthumously==E==
This along with the †, indicates that the Medal of Honor was awarded posthumously==F==
This along with the †, indicates that the Medal of Honor was awarded posthumously==G==
This along with the †, indicates that the Medal of Honor was awarded posthumously==H==
This along with the †, indicates that the Medal of Honor was awarded posthumously==I====J==
This along with the †, indicates that the Medal of Honor was awarded posthumously==K==
This along with the †, indicates that the Medal of Honor was awarded posthumously==L==
This along with the †, indicates that the Medal of Honor was awarded posthumously==M==
This along with the †, indicates that the Medal of Honor was awarded posthumously==N==
This along with the †, indicates that the Medal of Honor was awarded posthumously==O==
This along with the †, indicates that the Medal of Honor was awarded posthumously==P==
This along with the †, indicates that the Medal of Honor was awarded posthumously==R==
This along with the †, indicates that the Medal of Honor was awarded posthumously==S==
This along with the †, indicates that the Medal of Honor was awarded posthumously==T==
This along with the †, indicates that the Medal of Honor was awarded posthumously==U====V==
This along with the †, indicates that the Medal of Honor was awarded posthumously==W==
This along with the †, indicates that the Medal of Honor was awarded posthumously==Y==
This along with the †, indicates that the Medal of Honor was awarded posthumously==Z==
This along with the †, indicates that the Medal of Honor was awarded posthumously
† N.B. A † in the citation indicates that the award was given posthumously.==See also==
The Unknown American Soldier from World War II==Notes==
This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States
Army Center of Military History


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