Military Gear & Army Surplus Gear Blog

Introduction to flying a helicopter independently

Introduction to flying a helicopter independently


In this film we will show you the essential aspects of a helicopter and how it
flies. It is important for you to understand this before your first flying lesson. Before you sit down in the pilot’s seat, I will point out to you
the things you need to focus on prior to and during the flight. Let us start out by mentioning some of the specs of this eminently suitable training helicopter. The Robinson
R22 has been in production since 1973, and is manufactured by the US Robinson Helicopter Company. As a 2-seater, it has an empty weight of 880 pounds. It is able to carry a 485 pounds
payload. Equipped with a 180 hp piston engine, it reaches cruising speeds of 100 miles per hour. The greatest challenge faced at the invention of the helicopter was
how to connect a fixed body to a rotating one. The key component in this design is the swashplate, which can be moved on all sides.
It translates the pilot’s steering motions in the cockpit via the cyclic and collective controls. So, what is the purpose of the swashplate? The swashplate modifies rotor blade pitch. When the Pilot pushes the steering bar of the cyclic control forward,
the swashplate also tilts forward, tilting the rotors forward. Additionally, the rotor blade pitch is adjusted. So the helicopter flies forward!
The
flying motions to each side are achieved in the same way. The steering bar is pushed to the left or to the right. Such hovering exercises form the basis for flying a helicopter. Note the controlled hand movements used to turn
the helicopter into the desired direction. The application of force is unnecessary and may be counterproductive. From the rotor’s perspective, we can see the changes affecting the
rotor blades. During swashplate rotation, the rotor pitch changes continuously. An additional dimension of the helicopter’s control occurs by means of the collective controls.
This control stick is located to the left of the seat. When the stick is pulled, the swashplate is lifted as well, causing a lower
blade pitch all around which makes the helicopter to move upward. Similarly, the helicopter goes down when the controls are used to lower the swashplate. Aside from the main rotor the helicopter also has a tail rotor. The tail
rotor prevents any undesired rotation of the helicopter around its own axis. Rotating at a high speed, the tail rotor is almost invisible. Please be careful
not to enter into the rotation zone. These zones constitute a lethal hazard! The tail rotor blade pitch can be adjusted, similar to the main rotor
blade pitch. This adjustment is achieved by means of the foot pedals. When the pilot presses the left pedal, the tail rotor pitch changes, causing the helicopter to turn
to the left. When the pilot presses the right pedal the pitch changes the other way. Later, in flight, you will notice how sensitive the helicopter’s response
is, even to very light movements of the controls. The R22 is powered by a 180 hp 4-cilinder boxer engine. Since the piston engine is located behind the cabin, it
must be air-cooled by this large fan from behind. Power is conveyed to the pulley by means of two drive belts via the drive shaft. The pulley
has a clutch, allowing the rotors to continue moving even in case of a stalled engine. This autorotation is what makes it possible to effect a safe emergency landing. Without power from the engine, the rotors will rotate because of the airflow from below. This results in
a downward thrust, reducing the helicopter’s drop speed and allowing it to glide to earth. The helicopter can make a safe and gentle landing by means
of a rotor blade pitch adjustment immediately prior to landing. The power from the pulley is conveyed via the drive shaft to a planetary drive system which simultaneously powers
the main rotor as well as the tail rotor. The ratio of the rotating movements is approx. 1:6, i.e. the tail rotor rotates approx. 6 times faster than the main rotor. Once we have performed the helicopter’s walkaround inspection, we are ready to fly. Just as in a car, the first thing to
do is put on your safety belt. In the Robinson R22, the cyclic handle bar for
the pilot can easily be adjusted. You must hold the handle bar in such a way that you
can control it smoothly and safely, even during delicate steering movements. Never let go of the handle bar unless you have been told to do so. If, for example, your
flight instructor wants to show you something, and his hand lets go of the handle bar, then the handle bar must not end up in a position
causing the helicopter to make an unintended abrupt movement. Your feet should rest gently on the pedals, parallel to each other. As we have seen, the
pedals operate the tail rotor, holding the helicopter straight or turning it in the desired direction. These instruments help us to fly the helicopter: the rpm-meter shows engine rpm and rotor
rpm in percentages. The speed meter shows the speed in knots and miles. We usually fly in knots which can easily be converted into km by a factor of 1.8. The artificial horizon shows the flight
attitude and the variometer the rate of climb or rate of descent. In the lower left corner is the altitude meter which we adjust to the current altitude. In addition, there are some monitoring instruments: oil pressure, oil temperature, cylinder head and governor temperature, as well as
the fuel meter. Moreover, the helicopter is equipped with a radio and a transponder for radar identification. The next step is starting the engine and
pretty soon we will be taking off. The helicopter is ready for take-off and the flight instructor is ready. We look
forward to seeing you and wish you an enjoyable first helicopter flight.


Reader Comments

  1. it's so if you get hit by wind or the heli makes a sudden movement, you don't get jolted around and accidentally move the cyclic way too far. and if you're flying doors off then it's obvious why you would need to wear it

  2. the background music used sounds oddly familiar, like the battlefield 1942 main theme song. it's not, but very similar

  3. The shot with the camera mounted on the rotor blade is really well done and a great aid to understanding how the swash plate works. Every training video should have that shot in it. Thanks for posting!

  4. The seat belt is put so that you don't move from your pilot seat to some other fucking seat or hit your ass to some part of your helicopter , Andrew. Eventually , you don't even know how to drive your car .

  5. Like any kid growing up having a mechanical bent, I believe I have more than adequate understanding of how a helicopter works, and that I could even fly one with very minimal instruction. All I really need to ask the instructor is this: What is the minimum safe blade rpm.

  6. Define "crash". Too, you have to consider the belts merely keeping you in your seat–and AT THE CONTROLS–in moments of negative-G-force and/or excessive lateral Gs… e.g. tell me if you think this guy should forget to buckle up: /watch?v=FBP8xuZBBzM

    On a helo this small, every ounce counts. If it wasn't necessary, believe me, it would NOT be there.

  7. idk y but today when driving to the grocery store the idea hit me that I would like to someday have a helicopter………that is y im here

  8. As one who washed out at seven months in the Warrant Officer Candidate course at Ft. Rucker, Alabama, this is one of the best videos.  I had just turned 23 in early '65 and I left army active duty just as LBJ et al ordered our forces to 'Nam.  I was in flight ops at two W. German bases for 30 mos.  

  9. 2:49: "…lower blade pitch all around, which makes the helicopter move upwords". ===> You mean HIGHER blade pitch. Must have been some translation glitch.

  10. Why is the vertical speed indicator not displaying ZERO (0) but -1 at 6:45 while the helicopter is on the ground ? It's barometric ?

  11. here, you must not be wealthy but really rich to become a helicopter pilot… and it becomes more of a hobby because if you can be a pilot here, you DEFINITELY don't need extra money.
    one of the few things that are more expensive, that I heard, is to own a sail boat.
    I'm enthralled by the engineering aspect of this machine.

  12. "Helicopters fly themselves. no special knowledge necessary". For people who are experienced in helicopter flying, this sentence is so stupid like saying "Heart surgeries are made for themselves. No special knowledge necessary"… This ideia is dangerous, man! Sam, Portugal

  13. this video is good, as always for me. though i am not a helicopter pilot, neither an aircraft pilot. i am an Aeronautical Engineer. this job i do might be more interesting than flying a machine, since you can learn many things about the main components as well as the phenomena involved around it. 

  14. Such a premium pipeline to be awarded. Telling my pal, who gets to go: to always carefully, focus on the sounds, develop eyes of an eagle, avoid fear of the sinking feeling that will lead to compulsion then phobia and motion sickness, haha.

  15. When i was in vietnam i remember the helicopter pilots legs were shaking whit fear that he had to push them down whit his hands.

  16. I'm actually watching this tutorial so that I could fly helicopters better in my videogame. In my defence though, my videogame, Arma2 is super realistic and the vehicles handle just like they would in real life.

  17. I can now fly a helicopter, thank you video! Sadly though 5 people were injured and 2 others were killed in the crash, Im now typing this in the hospital.

  18. "Helicopters fly themselves no special knowledge necessary." is a ridiculous statement. I know what I'm talking about. I was an Army pilot.

  19. The R22 Beta is a fine, agile little bird. – I'll never forget the sensation when I for the very first time on my 1st flight moved the cyclic to port – executing a nice left bank at 1000', seeing the rotordisc and the whole bird 'lean' rather sharply over to the left – and with a panoramic view of the terrain below! – It definitely has to be experienced,
    Nothing compares! 🚁⭐️ ⭐️⭐️⭐️ ⭐️ ⭐️

  20. Sir helicopter takeoff karaneke bad
    vo helicopter aage kaise le jate hai ye aap ek videomai bataea vo bhi hindi mai

  21. So if Im bad ass at the helicopter in Battlefield Vietnam would I be bad ass at the real deal? Lol.

    I am bad ass in any Battlefield helicopter but especially the Vietnam Huey. I could see why a real helicopter is so addictive. The Battlefield helicopters were just as addictive only reason i played it after awhile. I wonder how similar the flight controls are? L and R are like the flight pedals I take it?

  22. Ultra clair…. Un tout grand merci pour cette vidéo particulièrement complète et pourtant simple à comprendre…
    🙂
    From Brussels, with Love…

  23. Why there is no one license to fly all the helicopters, why do we need different certification on different rotary wings?

  24. my RC birds have a 6 axis BeastX FBL Flybarless System that keeps the bird stationary or in head lock mode. Bail out is included for a few extra bucks when you get into a control problem you hit a switch and the bird levels out at a set elevation. Even has a home button when you press the home button the bird by it self fly's back to its starting point and lands automatically. So flying is super easy and main torque is always compensated for by tail pitch. All you would have to do is point and go only controlling the elevation and forward speed. BeastX is only $250 and could easily be adapted to this size of heli.  Is there a 6 axis FBL controller on this heli?

  25. Read it again people, this is NOT Instruction, just simply "Introduction" to a few things about the helo. The main safety point they neglected to mention is that it's Always a good idea to wear a helmet, because when you crash, they need your head protected to identify your body with your dental records. 😁

  26. One day large drones will take over the helicopter work. Drones only have 8 electric motors and a gasoline engine that keeps the Lipo batteries charged.
    A helicopter has many moving parts that really don't want to be there.

  27. É muito interessante e deve ser muito gostoso poder pilotar uma máquina dessa é o meu sonho mas não posso é muito caro

  28. who the fuck give u this fucking thing in 1:30 u need be carefull if u talk disrepektfull with me ashole

    i can unsult U but u not me i give a fack on your ugly shitface

    i know many many pilots u are a PUSSY not less not more

    fuck u and eat my shorts and stay away from me

    be carefull idiot angry pilots are not talking much and u shithole cant pay the inventory of the Bar !
    fuking bastard i know pilots they fly better than u with 4% alkohol in blood rotten basterd

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