The Japanese Infantrymen came from a varied background including farmers, factory workers, teachers, white-collar professionals, miners and other professions. The Japanese government introduced conscription in 1873 for every able-bodied male at age 20 to serve for 3 years. During the War, as the situation became more desperate, these laws were altered for every male over 20 to be subject to enlistment. Training would be a tough process of hardening of mind, spirit and body. During wartime, training could only last 3 months. An emphasis was put on bayonet fighting drew upon a belief in the Emperor and the ancient samurai warriors. The bayonet being a modern version of the samurai sword. Japanese soldiers would show their duty to their Divine Emperor and were harshly treated with beatings and strict discipline by officers. During the invasion of China and the Pacific War against U.S. , the British, Australian and other forces of the Allies, many Japanese Infantrymen would display fanaticism and brutality towards the enemy, including prisoners of war and civilians. Some of the weapons and equipments of the Japanese Infantrymen were The Type 38 Arisaka Rifle. The Type 99 Arisaka Rifle. The Type 11, Type 96 and Type 99 light machine gun. A bayonet, cloth field cap and a helmet. In the late parts of the war such as the Battle of Saipan and Battle of Okinawa, refusal to surrender and suicidal attacks on the enemy were encouraged These were known as Banzai Charges. A term used by the allied forces. The tactic was a last-ditch action when the battle is being lost. Japanese soldiers would charge at the enemy shouting, ‘Tenno Heika BANZAI’, meaning ‘Long live the Emperor’.