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Grafting Lemon Trees – Grafting Fruit Trees by T-budding

Grafting Lemon Trees – Grafting Fruit Trees by T-budding

This video shows how to graft
a lemon tree using T-budding. The T-bud is commonly used
for grafting lemon trees. It is easy and it gives a high success rate. It works well for grafting new fruit trees. This is the rootstock that I will be grafting to,
a variety called carrizo. The fruit that I will be grafting is
a delicious lemon hybrid called lemonade. It is not as sour as a traditional lemon. It can be peeled and eaten like an orange
and has a similar balance between sweet and sour. In order to achieve a successful graft
and also to avoid spreading disease, I sterilize my grafting tools with
a 1.5% concentration of chlorine bleach. First I remove the leaves and thorns
from the rootstock. A budding height of
at least 8 to 12 inches or 20 to 30 centimeters above the soil will make for a healthy tree. I cut an upside-down T into the rootstock at this height. An upright T will also work. The advantage of an upside-down T
is that it can help to keep water out. This may produce better results
in a rainy area. Next I peel the bark back
with the bark lifter on my grafting knife to prepare the rootstock to receive the bud. T-budding must be performed
during a time of year when the tree is actively growing,
allowing the bark to be peeled back. I cut the bud by slicing underneath it. The back of the bud has wood attached. The wood does not need to be removed. It is important to avoid touching
the cut surfaces of the bud. It is often possible to hold the bud
by the petiole where the leaf was attached. Since the petiole has fallen off,
I pick the bud up with my knife. Next I insert the bud under the bark. I cut off the bottom of
the bud piece that was sticking out. It is important to graft the bud right-side-up. The bud should be on top. The scar where the leaf was attached is on the bottom. This is a thorn. Next I wrap the bud tightly
with vinyl tape, starting below the bud and wrapping up. My step-by-step article at has more information on wrapping material. In order to improve my chances of success,
I will graft a second bud to the rootstock. This way I will succeed
even if one of the bud grafts fails. Citrus cuttings have the potential
to spread tree-killing diseases. It is often not apparent when a tree
is infected with a fatal disease. This makes the source of citrus budwood
for grafting very important. In California where I live we now have
both exotic diseases that kill citrus trees and also the insects
that spread the diseases. The situation is so severe that it is now
against the law in California to graft with backyard citrus cuttings. Hobbyists in California now instead
order their budwood at a nominal cost from the Citrus Clonal Protection Program
or CCPP, a program that exists to provide disease-free budwood
for the grafting of citrus trees. I have made a video that shows how to set
up an account and order citrus budwood. You can click here or visit the link below. The CCPP will ship budwood anywhere in the
world where the local laws allow it. Many citrus growing regions
where it is not allowed have their own disease-free
citrus budwood programs. Information on other programs
is included in the ordering video. After the grafts are finished,
I move the tree to a shady area for a three week healing period. After the healing period, I unwrap the grafts. Both buds are still green,
an indication of success. I would normally perform the next step
with the tree in the container, but my family likes lemonade fruit so much
that I decided to plant the tree in the ground first. Citrus trees do much better in the ground
than in containers, so this will give the tree a better start. I create a watering basin
whenever I plant a citrus tree. Lemonade is my daughter’s favorite citrus fruit
and she is excited to help. I let the tree settle in for a few days
before the next step, which is forcing the grafted bud to grow. A phenomenon called apical dominance
governs the growth of citrus buds. Natural hormones from the buds
at the end of the branches prevent buds lower down from growing. In order for a grafted bud to grow, the
effect of these hormones must be overcome. I break the apical dominance
by cutting halfway through the rootstock and pushing it over so that
the terminal buds are lower than the newly grafted buds. The timelapse shows about three weeks of growth. After a bit more growth,
I remove the top of the rootstock and stake the tree. Here you see the lemonade tree the following spring. It is important to remove any sprouts from the rootstock. If left to grow,
it would outcompete the grafted variety and produce undesirable fruit. In order to encourage branching,
I again break apical dominance by cutting off the terminal buds. Here you see the new branches
on my lemonade tree. I hope that you have enjoyed this video
and have found it helpful. If you have any questions,
please ask below in the comments. I will be happy to answer. I have made this video to save citrus trees
all over the world from deadly diseases. You can help by sharing this video,
by giving it a “thumbs up”, and by subscribing
to this YouTube channel. Another thing that you can do to save
citrus trees is to inspect them monthly for citrus psyllids, the insects that
spread the deadly huanglongbing disease. Even a single psyllid is a cause
for immediate action. Learn more here. You can download my free eBook
with more citrus grafting tips at

Reader Comments

  1. Hello watched some of your videos and before I get to grafting and such would like to know how old was the root stock you grafted to and how long do you think this tree will take to bear fruit? Also in one of your other videos you grafted onto a rootstock cutting I’m thinking of possibly ordering some Budwood and possible root stock but would like to know how long it took them to grow and how long to expect for them to start producing. Anyways thanks for the informative videos as this has helped me a lot.

  2. Hi, i have a healthy and fully grown grapefruit tree and an orange three that is hardly growing. Will it work if i t-bud the orange to a small branch on the grapefruit tree? Thanks

  3. Hello sir my citrus tree got a root shock due to replantation but the issue is the plant is not growing any more it's 2monthts since I replanted it……. Plz help

  4. Where did you get ur plant material to graft? I am growing lemon trees from seed I have about 8 sprouted, but I want them to grow fruit that's edible and nice

  5. Fruit Mentor, your videos and information are fantastic! I have had several failed bud grafts – I have been using parafilm, but ordered the vinyl tape today. Do you always wrap over the bud when t-bud grafting? Does using a rubber band over the vinyl tape have a greater chance of success or is it overkill? Thanks for your time!

  6. Hi i may have a silly question but can you graft citrus to another kind of fruit tree such as apple tree, plum tree or the like, or must it be citrus tree?

  7. please help me my lemonade grows Y form the other left grows taller w/out lemon but the right side it started to give lemon. is it possible that i can graft my lemonade w. ur techniques?. please reply

  8. I cut an upward t but was unable to save the bark .I still stuck the bud by pressure from tape.the scion bud was 3 week old cut but still green .will it success

  9. So I have a rootstock lemon tree that has a trunk that branch’s into two trunks towards the lower middle. Could I leave one half uncut and graft on the other?

  10. Fruitmentor க்கு என்னுடைய மனமார்ந்த வாழ்த்துக்கள் 💐

  11. Such a Fantastic Job of instructions with Video! I'm in San Antonio, Texas and have a variety of Lemon Trees growing including my favorite "Valley Lemons". I have two older Lemons trees in the ground (approximately 6 years old) that haven't given me any fruit. I'm going to try your method. I have a lemon tree (Variety unknow as it grow wild) that grows Lemons almost the size of a grapefruit. Everyone freaks out on them and they smell an taste delicious! I'm going to try and graft this species this spring.

  12. I want to start to graft oranges on citrus trees in Tanzania. Does anyone have any tips (what time , which material to use?)

  13. Cual es la temperatura adecuadanpara hacer un ingerto a mi citricos ,zaludus desde Coahuila 🇲🇽👍👍👍👍

  14. First of all, nice and educating video. But, I have a question: The CCPP will send me some branches in Romania (Europe)? I have some lemontrees but of course, in the winter they are sleeping in the basement. Here is no danger to spred lemontree diseases.

  15. Awesome and informative. Your video was the suggested one from my Google search. Answered exactly what I needed to know. Dropped a like.

  16. Hello, thanks for the video. I have a question..last year i have grafted one of my lemon trees with kum quat, all three bud- grafts were successful, thus they only blossomed around 1 month after the grafting. They never grew branches only flowers. Up to day they are green and healthy but don't seem to grow…any ideas why might this be happening? Thanks in advance!

  17. I would like to know about the orange pen, any time of the year, giving the pen in the orange tree in the month, the best results will be available.

  18. Thank you nice video !
    now I understand why the bud of my tree (avocado tree) does not start! it's still green with a little bud.

    I have not yet broken the trunk above the grafted bud … because I told myself that it is he who would raise the sap and spread it in the tree … and we must preserve it until the bud start!

    But your video showed me that I was wrong
    Thank you !

  19. Hi Fruit Mentor. I grow a lemon Bought from a market last year. I collect the seeds and sow them. and now the lemon tree is about 3ft tall. how many years to produce flowers and fruits ????

  20. Sir how old your rootstock?.. If i grow from seed for rootstock.. How long it will take ready for grafting?

  21. Bravo!  No BS. Just makin a new tree. Very Helpful!  Is it ok to root suckers from below a graft for new root stock? Please let me know… Cant seem to find an answer. You should do an update on the tree.

  22. My future son-in-law just purchased a house. There is a root stock tree about 6-8 feet tall with multiple branches. Growing from this root stock is an obviously grafted section which appears to be a satsuma tree, with green fruit on it at present. The small satsuma section (2-3 feet tall) is dwarfed by the rest of the root stock. Would it be possible to graft more satsumas or some lemons to this same root stock? Whether that is done or not, should the root stock tree be cut away from the small fruit tree portion? When and how drastically? We are in south Louisiana, where satsumas are a fall staple.

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